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You are here:      Home News Latest News Vietnam Travel News 2011 How many UNESCO' s heritages are there in Vietnam ?
How many UNESCO' s heritages are there in Vietnam ?

Until 2011, Viet Nam has 14 cultural heritages recognized by UNESCO including Complex of Hue Monuments, Ha Long Bay, My Son Sanctuary, Hoi An Ancient Town, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Nha Nhac Cung Dinh (Hue Royal Court music), Cong Chieng (Gongs of the Central Highlands), Quan Ho singing of Bac Ninh, Ca Tru (Hanoi), Wood-blocks of Nguyen Dynasty (Hue), Doctoral stone steles in Temple of Literature, Thang Long Royal Citadel, Saint Giong Festival and Dong Van Stone Highlands.

Quan Ho folk songs from the northern provinces of Bac Ninh and Bac Giang, are performed as alternating verses between two women from one village who sing in harmony and two men from another village who respond with similar melodies, but with different lyrics. Quan ho singing is highly valued for its special cultural value, performance art and singing skills, with its unique customs, language and costumes. Quan Ho Bac Ninh singing was recognized as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity at the fourth session of the UNESCO International Committee for the Safeguarding of Intangible Heritage, which took place in Abu Dhabi.

 

Ca tru, also known as “hat a dao” or “hat noi”, is an ancient genre of chamber music originating from northern Vietnam featuring female vocalists. It is a complex form of sung poetry using lyrics written in traditional Vietnamese poetic forms. Ca Tru has many forms and melodies. Ca tru performers include a female singer who uses breathing techniques and vibrato to create unique ornamented sounds, while playing the clappers or striking a wooden box and two instrumentalists who produce the deep tone of a three-stringed lute and the strong sounds of a praise drum.

 

Nha Nhac (the Royal Refined Vietnam) has ever Music was proclaimed by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on 7th, November 2003. The UNESCO Council appraised Vietnamese royal music in the following terms: Vietnamese royal music represents an elegant and refined music. It deals with the music performed in the imperial courts and on different anniversaries, religious festivals, and on such particular occasions. Of the different categories developed in Vietnam, only the royal music was national. The Royal Refined Music was first introduced in the 13th century, but only reached its peak under the Nguyen Dynasty. The Royal Refined Music had long enjoyed a preference as an official form of royal music.

 

The Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam was recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 25, 2005. Cong Chieng or Gongs are musical instruments made of alloy bronze, sometimes with gold, silver, or black bronze added to their composition. In the Kinh language, the word Cong identifies convex gongs and the word Chieng refers to the flat ones. Gongs vary in size from 20 to 120cm in diameter. In the Truong Son -Tay Nguyen region, playing the gongs electrifies the people participating in dances and other forms of entertainment. Gongs have been an integral part of the spiritual life of many ethnic groups in Vietnam.

 

Ha Long Bay has been added to the World Heritage UNESCO's name list of natural heritage World sights on 17/12/1994. This picturesque beauty of majestic waterway is located in beautiful northern Gulf, including 1,969 large and small islands spread over 120 km coastline with a total area of 1,553 km2. The area is world recognized as the area of 434 km2, including 775 islands. The islands diverse forms are extremely unique and lively according to the viewing angle of visitors. In around the islands there contain hundreds of beautiful hidden caves.

 

Hoi An, a World Heritage Site, is recognized by UNESCO in 1999. As a busy commercial port, the Thu Bon river from the 16th, 17th century, Hoi An was Vietnam's most important port and trading post, particularly of ceramics with nearby China. Today it is a quaint old town of some 844 structures protected as historical landmarks, and the unique influence of Chinese and Japanese traders who passed through (or settled) can still be felt. It's a picturesque town, small enough to cover easily on foot, with lots of good nooks and crannies, shops, and gastronomic delights to discover.

 

My Son has been the imperial city of the Champa Empire from the 4th to the 12th centuries. It is the large complex of religious ruins comprising more than 70 architectural remains, including temples and towers with distinctive red brick designs. UNESCO labeled the Cham architecture in My Son as a World Cultural Heritage Site in1999. My Son, considered to be in the same league as some of Southeast Asia's greatest archaeological sites, including Angkor in Cambodia, Bagan in Myanmar, Ayutthaya in Thailand and Borobudur in Indonesia.

 

In 2003, National Park Phong Nha - Ke Bang was recognized as a natural world heritage site by UNESCO. Located in the forest and limestone mountains Ke Bang in Quang Binh province, Phong Nha is a mystical sight with splendid limestone caves, virtual colorful glass stone in the long underground river in Vietnam. Phong Nha has many branches, length up to approximately 20km, of about 20m wide, 10m high. Some of the caves are as long as 1500m long. Phong Nha displays an impressive amount of evidence of earth's history. It is a site of very great importance for increasing our understanding of the geologic, geomorphic and geo-chronological history of the region.

Woodblocks of the Nguyen Dynasty ( Moc Ban Trieu Nguyen) is a collection of 34,555 plates of wood-blocks of the Nguyen Dynasty helped to record official literature and history as well as classic and historical books. Therefore, apart from their historical value, the wood-blocks also have artistic and technical merit as they mark the development of wood-block carving and printing profession in Vietnam. Their importance and high value led feudal dynasties and state regimes in history of Vietnam to pay considerable attention to preserving these records. In 2009, this collection became the first entry of Vietnam in the list of UNESCO's Memory of the World Program.

UNESCO's World Heritage Committee recognizes Vietnam's Thang Long Royal Citadel, Hanoi as a world cultural heritage at its 34th session meeting in Brazil on July 31, 2010. The site won the recognition thanks to its three outstanding characteristics: the length of its cultural history, the continuity of the citadel as a power centre, and the variety of relics it contains. The centre of the citadel embodies the enduring cultural tradition of the people of Vietnam's Red River Delta, a tradition which has existed for 13 centuries. Relics found in the centre of the citadel show that it was influenced by many different cultures, theories, and systems of thought.

 

The Files on Stone Steles bearing names of doctoral laureates, dated back the Ly and Mac Dynasties (15th-17th centuries), in the Hanoi Temple of Literature were recognized as the World Documentary Heritage in 2010. The Temple of Literature (Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam), located in the heart of Hanoi City, has been for long considered a symbol of the civilization and intelligence of Viet Nam. Founded in the 11th century as a temple dedicated to Confucius and then the country’s first university, Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam was the biggest educational center where thousands of eminent scholars were trained. Its campus houses a garden of 82 stone steles honoring all doctoral laureates of the royal examinations held between the 15th and 18th centuries. The stone steles in the Temple of Literature are accurate historical documentation of royal examinations between 1442 and 1779. Their inscriptions provide many valuable historical details of Vietnam' traditional education for 300 years.

 

Complex of Hue Monuments is an outstanding example of an eastern feudal capital and of the planning and construction of a complete defended capital city in a relatively short period. The integrity of town layout and building design make it an exceptional specimen of late feudal urban planning. Established as the capital of unified Viet Nam in 1802, Hue was not only the political but also the cultural and religious centre under the Nguyen dynasty until 1945. : Hue represents an outstanding demonstration of the power of the vanished Vietnamese feudal empire at its apogee in the early 19th century. The Perfume River winds its way through the Capital City, the Imperial City, the Forbidden Purple City and the Inner City, giving this unique feudal capital a setting of great natural beauty.

 

Vietnam's Saint Giong Festival has been recognized as Intangible Heritage of Humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2010. Saint Giong Festival, a traditional event in the north, is held April 6-12 of the lunar year in several venues around Hanoi and attracts thousands of tourists. The biggest Saint Giong festival is at Phu Dong Village in Gia Lam District of Hanoi where the hero, Emperor Phu Dong was born. Legend tells that Giong and the people of Van Lang (the old name of Vietnam) defeated the An invaders. After the victory, Giong rode his iron horse up to the sky. To show the gratitude to the hero of Giong Village who sacrificed his life to fight the invaders, Vietnamese people honor him as a Saint. The procession starts at the Mother Temple to Thuong Temple with the performance of a religious service at Kien So Pagoda.

 

The Dong Van Stone Highlands, an area of immense geological wonders up in Ha Giang Province, has been officially recognised by the UNESCO in 2010-supported Global Geoparks Network an organization dedicated to promoting and preserving geoparks around the world. A geopark is no playground. It's a protected area with geological heritage sites of particular importance, rarity or aesthetic appeal. And if you've ever seen photos of Dong Van or visited the area, this seems about right. Fossils of nearly 1,000 species, including ancient fish, have been found in Dong Van. Nearly 20 different ethnic minority groups dot the highlands, making it a complex, colourful and fascinating place. Dong Van is the first official Geopark in Vietnam and the second in all of South-East Asia to be named a GGN member.


 

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